GIGA Focus International Edition Chinese

阿尔及利亚:政治改革纲领多样性— —艰难的实施过程

Number 2 | 2014 | ISSN: 2196-3959


  • 2014年4月17日,77岁的Abdelaziz Bouteflika以压倒性多数优势,当选为阿尔及利亚总统。自1999年以来,这是他第四次当选总统。他宣称宪法改革将是随后数月的关键任务。

    解析 Bouteflika在2014年阿尔及利亚总统大选中,再次获胜,而其连任的关键之处,并不在于他的选举承诺,而在于人民坚持紧跟的这位政治领袖于二十世纪九十年代内战结束后,在阿尔及利亚重建稳定这方面,功不可没。自从2011年突尼斯、利比亚、埃及出现政治变革后,阿尔及利亚的(反对党)政治家、经济界代表、智库也加大力度,拟定政治及经济结构改革纲领,并向公众介绍这些纲领。然而,实施这些纲领的机会却是渺茫。

    • 国家及军事领导层认为,维护稳定及安全享有最高优先权,因而维护稳定及安全决定改革速度。

    • 人们认为改革势在必行,其实施过程中,人们遇到的中心问题是如何实现下列改革步伐的同步实行:宪法改革,特别是权力重新分配;加强国家机构;官员更新换代。因此,改革难以迅速见效。

    • 政党以及民间社会联盟出现极大分歧,并无意达成共识,这让他们共同决定政治路线时难以发挥决定性影响。而这同时也让总统能更容易实施自己的方案。

    • 改革的一根本障碍就是显著的食利心态:国家通过补贴,购买社会和平,而民众则期待国家满足他们的所有需求愿望。


    Footnotes




      Hanspeter Mattes

      Formerly Senior Research Fellow




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      The German Institute for Global and Area Studies (GIGA) – Leibniz-Institut für Globale und Regionale Studien in Hamburg publishes the Focus series on Africa, Asia, Latin America, the Middle East and global issues. The GIGA Focus is edited and published by the GIGA. The views and opinions expressed are solely those of the authors and do not necessarily reflect those of the institute. Authors alone are responsible for the content of their articles. GIGA and the authors cannot be held liable for any errors and omissions, or for any consequences arising from the use of the information provided.

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