André Bank / Yannick Deepen / Julia Grauvogel / Sabine Kurtenbach

COVID-19 and Violent Actors in the Global South: An Inter- and Cross-Regional Comparison

GIGA Working Papers | 2022


  • Abstract

    This Working Paper examines the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on state and non-state violent actors in the Global South. We provide an ACLED-based interregional map-ping of trends in Latin America and the Caribbean, the Middle East and North Africa, and sub-Saharan Africa. Cross-regional case comparisons shed further light on the similarities and differences of countries characterised by long-term armed conflict (Colombia, Iraq, Nigeria) or having transitioned from authoritarianism but facing inequality and political exclusion (Chile, Tunisia, South Africa). We identify a temporal variation: Initially, state armed actors’ new responsibilities to implement COVID-19–related control measures led to an increase in violence against civilians, but over time there was a decrease. We also find that COVID-19 had an early demobilising effect vis-à-vis protest and mob violence, a consequence of lockdowns and mobility restrictions. Yet, protest has quickly returned to pre-pandemic levels in many countries, underlining continued – sometimes aggravated –grievances. Moreover, different violent actors’ responses to the pandemic were decisively shaped by their respective conflict histories.

    Series

    GIGA Working Papers

    Series Number

    329

    Number of Pages

    55

    Publisher

    German Institute for Global and Area Studies (GIGA)

    Location

    Hamburg

    Speaker | 05/12/2022

    Covid-19 and the Dynamics of Violence in Colombia and Syria

    How does the Covid-19 pandemic influence the dynamics of violence in Colombia and Syria.

    Prof. Dr. Sabine Kurtenbach

    Lead Research Fellow / Editor GIGA Focus Latin America Editor GIGA Focus Global

    GIGA Focus Latin America | 6/2022

    Facing the Stress Test: Courts and Executives during the COVID-19 Pandemic

    Courts are highly relevant in controlling executive abuses of power in exceptional situations like the COVID-19 pandemic. Latin America’s courts were ready and able to set such limits. Illiberal presidents may heavily undermine judicial independence if they have the legislative support to do so.

    Prof. Dr. Mariana Llanos

    Lead Research Fellow

    Dr. Cordula Tibi Weber

    Research Fellow

    GIGA Focus Global | 3/2022

    COVID-19 and Violent Actors in the Global South: A Complex Relationship

    A cross-regional comparative analysis of the effects of COVID-19 on violence shows high levels of variation between contexts and in terms of specific armed actors. While Latin America along with the Middle East and North Africa have experienced an overall reduction, violence in sub-Saharan Africa has increased.

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