Dr. Julia Grauvogel

Senior Research Fellow | Research Team Spokesperson

  • Short CV

    • Since 05/2017: Spokesperson of the Research Team "Interventions and Security", RP 2 "Peace and Security"

    • 05/2018 - 04/2022: Editor of Africa Spectrum

    • 2016 - 2018: Research Fellow in the project "International Diffusion and Cooperation of Authoritarian Regimes - IDCAR-Network" funded by Leibniz Competition

    • 2012 - 2016: Research Fellow in the project "Ineffective Sanctions?: External Sanctions and the Persistence of Autocratic Regimes" funded by Fritz Thyssen Foundation

    • Since 2012: Research Fellow at the GIGA Instiute of African Affairs

    • 2010 - 2011: Research Assistant at the Chair of Political Science and International Relations, Eberhard Karls University Tübingen

    • 2008 - 2011: Internship experiences include the Committee for Economic Cooperation and Development of the German Parliament, Berlin (2008) and the German Institute for International and Security Affairs, Berlin (2011)

    • Education: PhD at the University of Hamburg "The 'Internal Opposition Effect' of International Sanctions: Insights from Burundi, Zimbabwe and a Qualitative Comparative Analysis of Sub-Saharan Africa” (scholarship from the Heinrich Böll Foudation); Master "Peace Research and International Politics" at Eberhard Karls University Tübingen (scholarship from the Evangelisches Studienwerk e.V.), Bachelor "International Relations" at Dresden University of Technology

    Current Research

    • International sanctions

    • Persistence and change of authoritarian regimes

    • Legitimation of authoritarian regimes

    Countries and Regions

    • Simbabwe

    • Burundi


    • Association for African Studies in Germany
    • Africa Spectrum
    • Peace Science Society (International)
    • International Studies Association
    • German Political Science Association


    • The ‘Internal Opposition Effect’ of International Sanctions: Insights from Burundi, Zimbabwe and a Qualitative-Comparative Analysis of Sub-Saharan Africa

    Dr. Julia Grauvogel

    Senior Research Fellow / Research Team Spokesperson

    T. +49 (0)40 - 428 25-566julia.grauvogel@giga-hamburg.de

    W+F Wissenschaft und Frieden | 11/2022

    Wirtschaftlicher Zwang für politische Ziele: Boykotte und Sanktionen als Instrumente der internationalen Politik

    Dr. Julia Grauvogel

    Senior Research Fellow / Research Team Spokesperson

    Dr. Christian von Soest

    Lead Research Fellow / Head of Research Programme "Peace and Security"

    Journal of Peace Research | 08/2022

    International Sanctions Termination, 1990–2018: Introducing the IST Dataset

    We introduce the International Sanctions Termination (IST) dataset that captures all EU, UN, US and regional sanctions between 1990 – 2018. We describe the data collection process, discuss IST’s compatibility with existing datasets, introduce new variables that focus on the design of sanctions and explore how they affect their termination.

    Hana Attia

    Doctoral Researcher

    Dr. Julia Grauvogel

    Senior Research Fellow / Research Team Spokesperson

    GIGA Focus Global | 3/2022

    COVID-19 and Violent Actors in the Global South: A Complex Relationship

    A cross-regional comparative analysis of the effects of COVID-19 on violence shows high levels of variation between contexts and in terms of specific armed actors. While Latin America along with the Middle East and North Africa have experienced an overall reduction, violence in sub-Saharan Africa has increased.

    Friedensgutachten | 06/2022

    Nur Mittel zum Zweck: Erfolgsbedingungen von Sanktionen

    Sanktionen sind neben Verhandlungen eine zentrale Alternative zum Waffengang, um Völkerrechtsverletzungen zu begegnen. Oftmals werden sie aber verhängt, ohne Bedingungen für ihren Erfolg zu formulieren. Eine Neuorientierung der deutschen und europäischen Sanktionspolitik ist überfällig.

    Dr. Pascal Abb

    Prof. Dr. Michael Brzoska

    Prof. Dr. Christopher Daase

    Prof. Dr. Nicole Deitelhoff

    Anton Peez

    Research Project | 01/01/2022 - 30/06/2023

    Sanctions Termination in Times of Crises: Unpacking the Role of External Shocks

    In March 2020, the UN Secretary-General called for the easing of sanctions against Iran in response to COVID-19. Hence, external shocks are potentially related to sanctions termination. Yet, the effect of different types of external shocks such as pandemics, natural disasters, and economic crises on the (gradual) removal of sanctions has not been systematically studied. This project examines when and how external shocks affect sanctions termination through a nested research design combining new data collection, statistical analyses, and two case studies.
    DFG, 2022-2023

    Research Project | 01/09/2020 - 31/08/2026

    Merian Institute for Advanced Studies in Africa (MIASA)

    MIASA, based at the University of Legon, Ghana, is one of five Maria Sibylla Merian Centres for Advanced Studies, funded by the German Ministry for Education and Research. Its overall aim is to work towards a reduction of global asymmetries in knowledge production and bridging the cultural divide between anglophone and francophone Africa. MIASA's thematical focus is on sustainable governance. The GIGA contributes to the Interdisciplinary Fellow Group on ‘Sustainable Rural Transformation’ and its outreach activities.
    BMBF, 2020-2026

    Research Project | 01/08/2018 - 31/07/2021

    The Termination of International Sanctions: Causes, Processes and Domestic Consequences

    Sanctions termination has become a ubiquitous phenomenon in international politics. Controversies about cases such as Cuba, Iran, Russia, and Zimbabwe exemplify the contested nature of policy debates about the termination of sanctions. Yet, research has focused on sanctions’ implementation and effectiveness, directing little attention towards their removal. This project examines the causes, processes, and consequences of ending sanctions. It combines cross-national analyses based on the first global dataset on sanctions termination with in-depth case studies covering different regions.
    DFG, 2018-2021

    Research Project | 01/07/2014 - 30/06/2019

    International Diffusion and Cooperation of Authoritarian Regimes - IDCAR-Network

    In politics and political science alike, the increasing international influence of authoritarian regimes has become a central concern around the globe. From 2014-2019, the IDCAR network brought together some of the most renowned scholars in the field to produce high-level research and, based on this, policy advice and public outreach.
    Leibniz Association, 2014-2019

    web.de | Quote | 05/04/2022

    EU droht mit neuen Sanktionen: Wie isoliert ist Putin wirklich?

    Die EU will wegen der Kriegsgräuel in der Ukraine schnell, umfangreich und vor allem hart reagieren. Neue Sanktionen gegen Russland sollen beschlossen werden. Inwiefern die bisherigen und die neuen Maßnahmen das russische Regime treffen, erklärt die Politikwissenschaftlerin Julia Grauvogel.

    der Freitag | Expert Comment / Guest Contribution | 17/03/2022

    Zwei zentrale Ziele der Sanktionen gegen Russland

    Man sollte nicht erwarten, dass Wirtschaftssanktionen den Krieg Putins gegen die Ukraine sofort beenden. Warum sie dennoch wichtig sind, erklärt Julia Grauvogel.

    ÖR1 | Expert Comment / Guest Contribution | 02/03/2022

    Finanzsanktionen im Fokus

    Über Einsatz, Erwartungen und Effekte wirtschafts- und finanzpolitischer Waffen. Gäste: Vasily Astrov, Ökonom am Wiener Institut für Internationale Wirtschaftsvergleiche (wiiw) & Elisabeth Christen, PhD, Ökonomin (Senior Economist) am Österreichischen Institut für Wirtschaftsforschung (WIFO) in Wien & Dr. Julia Grauvogel, Leibniz-Institut für Globale und Regionale Studien (GIGA) in Hamburg.

    Speaker | 31/03/2022

    The Political Consequences of Sanctions Termination

    Conference 31/03/2022

    Dr. Julia Grauvogel

    Senior Research Fellow / Research Team Spokesperson

    Speaker | 18/03/2022

    Targeted Sanctions and Authoritarian Elites

    Workshop 18/03/2022

    Dr. Julia Grauvogel

    Senior Research Fellow / Research Team Spokesperson

    Speaker | 18/03/2022

    The Currency Constraint: Explaining the Selective Enforcement of U.S. Financial Sanctions

    Workshop 18/03/2022

    Dr. Julia Grauvogel

    Senior Research Fellow / Research Team Spokesperson

    Teaching | GIGA Institute for African Affairs | Accountability and Participation | GIGA Doctoral Programme | 2021

    Academic Publishing

    GIGA Doctoral Programme

    The workshop is designed to cover the most important aspects of publishing scholarly work. It will first offer an overview of different formats, including articles, book chapters, policy papers, working papers and book reviews. In a second step, the workshop will zoom into the publication of peer-reviewed articles. It will guide the participants through the entire process from manuscript preparation to handling article proofs. In particular, I will cover the following topics: deciding when to submit a paper, crafting a convincing title and abstract, writing a cover letter, identifying the most suitable journals, understanding and addressing reviewer comments, finalizing the accepted article, and promoting your published work. Best practices for each step of this process will be discussed. Throughout the workshop, I will also provide in-depth information on the editorial and production process based on my experiences as the editor-in-chief of an SSCI-ranked journal, guest editor of special issues and author. During the practical phases of the workshop, you will get the opportunity to receive peer and expert feedback on questions such as journal targeting and abstract writing.

    Teaching | Universität Hamburg | 2021

    Sanctions in International Relations

    Universität Hamburg Hamburg Germany

    Teaching | GIGA Institute for African Affairs | Accountability and Participation | GIGA Doctoral Programme | 2020

    An Introduction to the Logic and Practice of Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA)

    GIGA Doctoral Programme

    This course provides an introduction into Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA). We will discuss the set-theoretic and Boolean foundations of the method, its logic of inference and learn how to use the method when working with real-world data. The elements of the course dedicated to the underlying logic will cover fuzzy and crisp sets, the analysis of necessary and sufficient conditions via set relations and complex causality, including equifinality, conjunctural relations and asymmetry. This will also allow participants to assess how (fuzzy) sets can be used as a tool for the construction of (ideal) types. The practice of fuzzy-set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (fsQCA) will be taught on the basis of the R package, which is state-of-the-art software for applying QCA. The participants will learn how to calibrate, i.e. to how to transfer quantitative and qualitative data into sets membership values, and how to analyze a so-called truth table, i.e. a data matrix that summarizes case-based information in a systematic fashion. Then, consistency and coverage measures as well as frequency thresholds are presented as tools to deal with noisy real-world data and to assess the robustness of results. Finally, pitfalls and good practices are discussed.


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