Dr. Julia Grauvogel

Senior Research Fellow | Research Team Spokesperson


  • Short CV

    • Since 05/2018: Editor of Africa Spectrum

    • Since 05/2017: Spokesperson of the Research Team "Interventions and Security", RP 2 "Peace and Security"

    • 2016 - 2018: Research Fellow in the project "International Diffusion and Cooperation of Authoritarian Regimes - IDCAR-Network" funded by Leibniz Competition

    • 2012 - 2016: Research Fellow in the project "Ineffective Sanctions?: External Sanctions and the Persistence of Autocratic Regimes" funded by Fritz Thyssen Foundation

    • Since 2012: Research Fellow at the GIGA Instiute of African Affairs

    • 2010 - 2011: Research Assistant at the Chair of Political Science and International Relations, Eberhard Karls University Tübingen

    • 2008 - 2011: Internship experiences include the Committee for Economic Cooperation and Development of the German Parliament, Berlin (2008) and the German Institute for International and Security Affairs, Berlin (2011)

    • Education: PhD at the University of Hamburg "The 'Internal Opposition Effect' of International Sanctions: Insights from Burundi, Zimbabwe and a Qualitative Comparative Analysis of Sub-Saharan Africa” (scholarship from the Heinrich Böll Foudation); Master "Peace Research and International Politics" at Eberhard Karls University Tübingen (scholarship from the Evangelisches Studienwerk e.V.), Bachelor "International Relations" at Dresden University of Technology

    Current Research

    • International sanctions

    • Persistence and change of authoritarian regimes

    • Legitimation of authoritarian regimes

    Countries and Regions

    • Simbabwe

    • Burundi


    Memberships

    • Association for African Studies in Germany
    • Africa Spectrum
    • Peace Science Society
    • International Studies Association
    • German Political Science Association

    Dissertation

    • The ‘Internal Opposition Effect’ of International Sanctions: Insights from Burundi, Zimbabwe and a Qualitative-Comparative Analysis of Sub-Saharan Africa

    Dr. Julia Grauvogel

    Senior Research Fellow / Research Team Spokesperson

    T. +49 (0)40 - 428 25-566julia.grauvogel@giga-hamburg.de

    Chapter in edited Volume | Forthcoming

    The Internal Opposition Effect of International Sanctions: Insights from a Qualitative Comparative Analysis

    Dr. Julia Grauvogel

    Senior Research Fellow / Research Team Spokesperson

    GIGA Working Papers | 05/2022

    COVID-19 and Violent Actors in the Global South: An Inter- and Cross-Regional Comparison

    What effect has the COVID-19 pandemic had on different armed actors across the Global South? This comparative analysis of regional trends and different armed actors provides evidence for regional specificities and an overall brief decline in violence before a return to pre-pandemic levels.

    GIGA Focus Africa | 1/2022

    Ten Things to Watch in Africa in 2022

    Two years into the pandemic, there are signs that sub-Saharan Africa will experience a modest recovery in 2022. However, inadequate vaccine supply, violent conflicts and structural weaknesses remain challenges for the region. We present an analysis of "ten things to watch" in Africa.

    Dr. Julia Grauvogel

    Senior Research Fellow / Research Team Spokesperson

    Dr. Christian von Soest

    Lead Research Fellow / Head of Research Programme "Peace and Security"

    GIGA Focus Global | 3/2021

    Cyber Sanctions: Increasing Application of a New Instrument

    Hacker attacks on states and international organisations are increasingly answered with cyber sanctions. Dr Julia Grauvogel and Dr Christian von Soest compare the international use of the new instrument in Focus Global 04/2021 and show which steps could make the measures more effective.

    Dr. Julia Grauvogel

    Senior Research Fellow / Research Team Spokesperson

    Dr. Christian von Soest

    Lead Research Fellow / Head of Research Programme "Peace and Security"

    Africa Spectrum | 02/2021

    The Study of Term Limits in Sub-Saharan Africa: Lessons on Democratisation and Autocratisation

    Studies on term limits in Africa have proliferated over the past two decades. This introduction to the special issue outlines how term limits can be theorised as part of the institutional landscape in authoritarian regimes and how third-term bids can be understood as a tool of autocratisation.

    Dr. Julia Grauvogel

    Senior Research Fellow / Research Team Spokesperson

    Research Project | 01/01/2022 - 30/06/2023

    Sanctions Termination in Times of Crises: Unpacking the Role of External Shocks

    In March 2020, the UN Secretary-General called for the easing of sanctions against Iran in response to COVID-19. Hence, external shocks are potentially related to sanctions termination. Yet, the effect of different types of external shocks such as pandemics, natural disasters, and economic crises on the (gradual) removal of sanctions has not been systematically studied. This project examines when and how external shocks affect sanctions termination through a nested research design combining new data collection, statistical analyses, and two case studies.
    DFG, 2022-2023

    Research Project | 01/09/2020 - 31/08/2026

    Merian Institute for Advanced Studies in Africa (MIASA)

    MIASA, based at the University of Legon, Ghana, is one of five Maria Sibylla Merian Centres for Advanced Studies, funded by the German Ministry for Education and Research. Its overall aim is to work towards a reduction of global asymmetries in knowledge production and bridging the cultural divide between anglophone and francophone Africa. MIASA's thematical focus is on sustainable governance. The GIGA contributes to the Interdisciplinary Fellow Group on ‘Sustainable Rural Transformation’ and its outreach activities.
    BMBF, 2020-2026

    Research Project | 01/08/2018 - 31/07/2021

    The Termination of International Sanctions: Causes, Processes and Domestic Consequences

    Sanctions termination has become a ubiquitous phenomenon in international politics. Controversies about cases such as Cuba, Iran, Russia, and Zimbabwe exemplify the contested nature of policy debates about the termination of sanctions. Yet, research has focused on sanctions’ implementation and effectiveness, directing little attention towards their removal. This project examines the causes, processes, and consequences of ending sanctions. It combines cross-national analyses based on the first global dataset on sanctions termination with in-depth case studies covering different regions.
    DFG, 2018-2021

    der Freitag | Expert Comment / Guest Contribution | 17/03/2022

    Zwei zentrale Ziele der Sanktionen gegen Russland

    ÖR1 | Expert Comment / Guest Contribution | 02/03/2022

    Finanzsanktionen im Fokus

    Speaker | 18/03/2022

    Targeted Sanctions and Authoritarian Elites

    Workshop 18/03/2022

    Dr. Julia Grauvogel

    Senior Research Fellow / Research Team Spokesperson

    Speaker | 18/03/2022

    The Currency Constraint: Explaining the Selective Enforcement of U.S. Financial Sanctions

    Workshop 18/03/2022

    Dr. Julia Grauvogel

    Senior Research Fellow / Research Team Spokesperson

    Consultant | 03/03/2022

    Wirksamkeit internationaler Sanktionen – Effektives Instrument oder Drohkulisse?

    Ob das iranische Atomprogramm, die russische Annexion der Krim oder die aktuellen Sanktionen gegen Belarus: Sanktionen sind und waren seit jeher ein Mittel, um gegen Staaten und nicht-staatliche Akteure vorzugehen ohne gleichzeitig auf die Ultima Ratio der Außenpolitik, den bewaffneten Konflikt, zurückgreifen zu müssen. Kritische Stimmen befürchten jedoch, dass Sanktionen nichts oder sogar das Gegenteil der eigentlichen Ziele bewirken. Daher wollen wir uns mit der Frage auseinandersetzen: Unter welchen Bedingungen können Sanktionen erfolgreich sein?

    Dr. Julia Grauvogel

    Senior Research Fellow / Research Team Spokesperson

    Teaching | GIGA Institute for African Affairs | Accountability and Participation | GIGA Doctoral Programme | 2021

    Academic Publishing

    GIGA Doctoral Programme

    The workshop is designed to cover the most important aspects of publishing scholarly work. It will first offer an overview of different formats, including articles, book chapters, policy papers, working papers and book reviews. In a second step, the workshop will zoom into the publication of peer-reviewed articles. It will guide the participants through the entire process from manuscript preparation to handling article proofs. In particular, I will cover the following topics: deciding when to submit a paper, crafting a convincing title and abstract, writing a cover letter, identifying the most suitable journals, understanding and addressing reviewer comments, finalizing the accepted article, and promoting your published work. Best practices for each step of this process will be discussed. Throughout the workshop, I will also provide in-depth information on the editorial and production process based on my experiences as the editor-in-chief of an SSCI-ranked journal, guest editor of special issues and author. During the practical phases of the workshop, you will get the opportunity to receive peer and expert feedback on questions such as journal targeting and abstract writing.

    Teaching | Universität Hamburg | 2021

    Sanctions in International Relations

    Universität Hamburg Hamburg

    Teaching | GIGA Institute for African Affairs | Accountability and Participation | GIGA Doctoral Programme | 2020

    An Introduction to the Logic and Practice of Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA)

    GIGA Doctoral Programme

    This course provides an introduction into Qualitative Comparative Analysis (QCA). We will discuss the set-theoretic and Boolean foundations of the method, its logic of inference and learn how to use the method when working with real-world data. The elements of the course dedicated to the underlying logic will cover fuzzy and crisp sets, the analysis of necessary and sufficient conditions via set relations and complex causality, including equifinality, conjunctural relations and asymmetry. This will also allow participants to assess how (fuzzy) sets can be used as a tool for the construction of (ideal) types. The practice of fuzzy-set Qualitative Comparative Analysis (fsQCA) will be taught on the basis of the R package, which is state-of-the-art software for applying QCA. The participants will learn how to calibrate, i.e. to how to transfer quantitative and qualitative data into sets membership values, and how to analyze a so-called truth table, i.e. a data matrix that summarizes case-based information in a systematic fashion. Then, consistency and coverage measures as well as frequency thresholds are presented as tools to deal with noisy real-world data and to assess the robustness of results. Finally, pitfalls and good practices are discussed.

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