Matthias Basedau / Birte Pfeiffer / Johannes Vüllers

Data Set to Article: Measuring the Ambivalence of Religion: Introducing the Religion and Conflict in Developing Countries (RCDC) Dataset


  • Description

    Despite ample anecdotal evidence, previous research on violent conflict has found little evidence that religion is an important factor in organized violence. Quantitative work in this area has been largely confined to the interreligious character of conflict and measures of religious diversity, and has strongly neglected the peace aspect of religion. The Religion and Conflict in Developing Countries Dataset (RCDC) helps to fill this gap with innovative and fine-grained data for 130 developing countries between 1990 and 2010. RCDC includes four types of religious violence (assaults on religious targets, attacks by religious actors, clashes between religious communities, and clashes with the state). In addition, RCDC contains data on interreligious networks and peace initiatives. RCDC has been published as supplement to the artice "Measuring the Ambivalence of Religion: Introducing the Religion and Conflict in Developing Countries (RCDC) Dataset" in "International Interactions".

    Research Programmes


    Open / without registration


    1990 - 2008

    Geographical coverage

    Turkey, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, Mexico, Belize, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras, Nicaragua, Costa Rica, Panama, Bahamas, Dominican Republic, Haiti, Jamaica, Cuba, Barbados, Trinidad and Tobago, Guyana, Surinam, Argentina, Bolivia, Brazil, Chile, Ecuador, Colombia, Paraguay, Peru, Uruguay, Venezuela, Benin, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Cape Verde, Liberia, Mali, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo, Sao Tome and Principe, Equatorial Guinea, Burundi, Gabon, Cameroon, Congo (Brazzaville), Rwanda, Chad, Congo (Kinshasa), Central African Republic, Angola, Botswana, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Namibia, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Republic of South Africa, Swaziland, Kenya, Madagascar, Mauritius, Tanzania, Uganda, Seychelles, Ethiopia, Djibouti, Somalia, Eritrea, African islands and other African areas, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Sudan, Palestine, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Israel, Bahrain, Qatar, Kuwait, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, United Arab Emirates, Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Bhutan, India, Maledives, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Brunei, Indonesia, Malaysia, Philippines, Singapore, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Myanmar (Burma), East Timor, China, North Korea, Japan, Mongolia, Australia, New Zealand, South Pacific Islands, Papua Neu Guinea

    Mode of data collection


    Dr. Birte Pfeiffer (née Pohl)

    Dr. Birte Pfeiffer (née Pohl)

    Formerly Research Fellow


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