Christian von Soest / Julia Grauvogel

Regime Legitimation Expert Survey (RLES)

  • Beschreibung

    We present a data set on authoritarian regimes’ claims to legitimacy that is based on leading experts’ assessments of 98 states for the period 1991–2010. The experts assessed these regimes on the basis of six conceptually distinguishable but interlinked claims to legitimacy – namely (1) foundational myth, (2) ideology, (3) personalism, (4) international engagement, (5) procedural mechanisms and (6) performance. For the survey, we contacted approximately 800 renowned international and local experts. They were selected on the basis of their publication records, their local expertise and their work for high-quality country-based indices, research institutes, and/or high-profile think tanks. 273 online questionnaires were completed. We collected expert assessments for the most recent non-democratic regime (as of 2013, the year of assessment). The survey comprised questions covering the strength of a regime’s six legitimation strategies, based on a six-point scale ranging from 0-5. In addition, the dataset includes information regarding the number of experts per country and the experts’ average confidence in answering the questions on the respective country.


    Offen / ohne Registrierung


    1991 - 2010

    Geographische Abdeckung

    Europe, Southern Europe, Turkey, Eastern Europe, Russian Federation, Ukraine, Belarus, Moldova, Georgia, Armenia, Azerbaijan, Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, Kyrgyzstan, Tajikistan, South-East Europe, Romania, Albania, Croatia, Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegro, Rio Group, Mexico, Central America, Honduras, Nicaragua, Caribbean, Haiti, Cuba, South America, Colombia, Peru, Venezuela, Africa South of Sahara, West Africa, Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Gambia, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mauritania, Niger, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Togo, Central Africa, Equatorial Guinea, Burundi, Gabon, Cameroon, Congo (Brazzaville), Rwanda, Chad, Congo (Kinshasa), Central African Republic, Southern Africa, Angola, Lesotho, Malawi, Mozambique, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Republic of South Africa, Swaziland, East Africa, Kenya, Madagascar, Tanzania, Uganda, North-East Africa, Ethiopia, Eritrea, North Africa, Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia, Libya, Egypt, Sudan, Eastern Arabia/Israel, Iraq, Jordan, Lebanon, Syria, Arabian peninsula, Bahrain, Qatar, Kuwait, Oman, Saudi Arabia, Yemen, United Arab Emirates, Western Asia, Afghanistan, Iran, Pakistan, Asia (without Western Asia), South Asia, Bangladesh, Bhutan, Nepal, Sri Lanka, South-East Asia, Indonesia, Malaysia, Singapore, Thailand, Cambodia, Laos, Vietnam, Myanmar (Burma), East Asia, China, North Korea, Oceania, South Pacific Islands


    Self-administered questionnaire

    Dr. Christian von Soest

    Lead Research Fellow / Leitung Forschungsschwerpunkt "Frieden und Sicherheit"

    T. +49 (0)40 - 428

    Dr. Julia Grauvogel

    Senior Research Fellow / Sprecherin Forschungsteam

    T. +49 (0)40 - 428


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