Daniel Neff / Kunal Sen / Veronika Kling

The Puzzling Decline in Rural Women’s Labor Force Participation in India: A Reexamination

GIGA Working Paper, No. 196, May 2012

Abstract
Between 2004/2005 and 2009/2010 there was a sharp fall in female labor force participation (LFP) in rural India. Why did this occur? We look at the four standard explanations: that more women in rural areas are now pursuing higher education and are therefore not available for work (education effect), that household incomes are rising quickly enough that there is a tendency for women to withdraw from the labor force to attend to domestic duties (income effect), that employment opportunities for women are decreasing, and that social and cultural factors may be interacting with these three factors and amplifying their effects. Our findings suggest that the decline in rural women’s LFP could potentially be due to an income effect and partly due to an education effect. We find no evidence of changes in employment opportunities or of social and cultural interaction effects that could explain the decline in rural female LFP.

GIGA-Forschung zum Thema

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GIGA AutorInnen

Dr. Daniel Neff ist Research Fellow am GIGA Institut für Asien-Studien. Seine Forschung konzentriert sich auf die sozioökonomischen Entwicklungen in Südasien.

Aktuelle Publikationen der AutorInnen

Fabian Scholtes / Daniel Neff / Florian Lampe

The role and sources of agency and self-employment over the life course: micro-entrepeneurs in Kampala, Uganda

Journal of Developmental Entrepreneurship, 23, 2019, 4

Daniel Neff / Cornelis W. Haasnoot / Sebastian Renner / Kunal Sen

The social and economic situation of Scheduled Tribes in India

in: Christopher Fleming / Matthew Manning (eds.), Routledge Handbook of Indigenous Wellbeing, London: Routledge, 2019, 194-208

Daniel Neff

Lebensbedingungen der Adivasi. Ein Überblick in Zahlen

Südasien, 2018, 02, 23-28

Daniel Neff / Joachim Betz

Geschlechtergerechtigkeit als internationale Aufgabe: Indien in der G20

GIGA Focus Asien, 03/2017

Joachim Betz / Daniel Neff

Social Policy Diffusion in South Asia

Journal of Asian Public Policy, 10, 2017, 1, 25-39