Julia Grauvogel / Christian von Soest

Claims to Legitimacy Count: Why Sanctions Fail to Instigate Democratization in Authoritarian Regimes

European Journal of Political Research , 53, 2014, 4, 635–653
Verlagswebsite | DOI

Abstract
International sanctions are one of the most commonly used tools to instigate democratisation in the post-Cold War era. However, despite long-term sanction pressure by the European Union, the United States and/or the United Nations, non-democratic rule has proven to be extremely persistent. Which domestic and international factors account for the regimes’ ability to resist external pressure? Based on a new global dataset on sanctions from 1990 to 2011, the results of a fuzzy set qualitative comparative analysis (fsQCA) provide new insights for the research on sanctions and on authoritarian regimes. Most significantly, sanctions strengthen authoritarian rule if the regime manages to incorporate their existence into its legitimation strategy. Such an unintended ‘rally-round-the-flag’ effect occurs where sanctions are imposed on regimes that possess strong claims to legitimacy and have only limited economic and societal linkages to the sender of sanctions.

GIGA-Forschung zum Thema

Related Research Tabs

GIGA AutorInnen

Dr. Julia Grauvogel

Senior Research Fellow
Sprecherin Forschungsteam

Aktuelle Publikationen der AutorInnen

Julia Grauvogel / Navin Bapat / Bryan Early / Katja B. Kleinberg

The Design and Enforcement of Economic Sanctions

International Studies Perspectives, forthcoming

Gesine Ames / Julia Grauvogel

Burundi vor den Wahlen: Kontinuität statt Wandel

GIGA Focus Afrika, 04/2020

Sandra Destradi / Christian von Soest

Internationales Krisenmanagement

in: Frank Bösch / Nicole Deitelhoff / Stefan Kroll (eds.), Handbuch Krisenforschung, Wiesbaden: Springer Fachmedien, 2020, 233-248

Christian von Soest

Eine hitzige Debatte: Klimawandel und gewaltsame Konflikte in Afrika

GIGA Focus Afrika, 02/2020

Julia Grauvogel / Hana Attia

How Do International Sanctions End? Towards a Process-Oriented, Relational, and Signalling Perspective

GIGA Working Paper, No. 320, January 2020