Jann Lay / Georg Michuki M'Mukaria / Toman Omar Mahmoud

Boda-bodas Rule: Non-agricultural Activities and Their Inequality Implications in Western Kenya

GIGA Working Paper, No. 48, April 2007

Abstract
Engagement in non-agricultural activities in rural areas can be classified into survival-led or opportunity-led. Survival-led diversification would decrease inequality by increasing the incomes of poorer households and thus reduce poverty. By contrast, opportunity-led diversification would increase inequality and have a minor effect on poverty, as it tends to be confined to non-poor households. Using data from Western Kenya, we confirm the existence of the differently motivated diversification strategies. Yet, the poverty and inequality implications differ somewhat from our expectations. Our findings indicate that in addition to asset constraints, rural households also face limited or relatively risky high-return opportunities outside agriculture.

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GIGA AutorInnen

Apl. Prof. Dr. Jann Lay ist Leiter des GIGA Forschungsschwerpunkts 3 „Wachstum und Entwicklung“. Zudem ist er außerplanmäßiger Professor für Entwicklungsökonomie an der Georg-August-Universität Göttingen. Seine Forschung beschäftigt sich mit verschiedenen Aspekten wirtschaftlicher Entwicklung im Globalen Süden, insbesondere in Afrika, beispielsweise mit (informeller) Beschäftigung und Arbeitsmärkten, den Auswirkungen sogenannter „Land grabs“ sowie Energie- und Klimathemen.

Aktuelle Publikationen der AutorInnen

Sebastian Renner / Jann Lay / Michael Schleicher

The effects of energy price changes: heterogeneous welfare impacts and energy poverty in Indonesia

Environment and Development Economics, 24, 2019, 2, 180-200

Insa Flachsbarth / Simone Schotte / Jann Lay / Alberto Garrido

Rural structural change, poverty and income distribution: evidence from Peru

The Journal of Economic Inequality, 16, 2018, 4, 631-653

Sebastian Renner / Jann Lay / Hannes Greve

Household welfare and CO2 emission impacts of energy and carbon taxes in Mexico

Energy Economics, 72, 2018, 222-235

Jann Lay

Micro-econometric and Micro-Macro Linked Models: Sequential Macro-Micro Modelling with Behavioral Microsimulations

in: Christian Henning / Ousmane Badiane / Eva Krampe (eds.), Development Policies and Policy Processes in Africa: Modeling and Evaluation, Cham: Springer, 2018, 117-136