The dataset is composed of the entire universe of sanctions regimes imposed by the UN, US and EU in the period from 1990 to 2010, including those sanctions regimes that were in place by 1990, targeting a country, its leadership and entities associated with it. Episodes which are still on-going are also recorded. Included are all sanctioned countries which have been coded – at least – at the start of sanction episodes as “autocratic regimes” by the Hadenius/Teorell/Wahman dataset on authoritarian regimes (2012).
United Nations, UN Security Council Sanctions Committees US Treasury, Office of Foreign Assets Control US State Department, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls European Union, European Commission, External Relations
|Verlagswebsite | DOI|
V-Dem Working Papers, 2019, 86
Democratization, online first, 2019
GIGA Focus Afrika, 01/2019
in: Alexander Dukalskis / Johannes Gerschewski (eds.), Justifying Dictatorship: Studies in Autocratic Legitimation, Routledge, 2018, 37-55
Bundeszentrale für politische Bildung, 2018