GIGA RP 3 - Research
Research Programme 4
Research Team 2: Global Governance and Norm Building
In the discussion of globalisation, the growing importance of cross-border activities in numerous areas of society has become clear. This has limited the governing capacity of nation states, but at the same time it has made transnational communication and cooperation easier. It has strengthened the relevant actors and has made possible new actor formations (for example, global public-private partnerships, foundations as sources of international funding). Through the increasing engagement of non-state actors, cross-border political governance has gained creative power. Intergovernmental organisations and agreements have lost weight in many areas; global networks are increasing the importance of transnational norm building. To date, however, the global governance structures in various policy fields and the norm-building processes on which they are based as well as the role of actors from Africa, Asia, Latin America and the Middle East in these processes have not been adequately investigated.
Within the framework of global economic governance, two topics which have to date received relatively little attention are examined, namely, the different regional structures of bilateral trade agreements and the formation of governance structures within global value chains. In the area of global health governance (GHG), the analysis of key aspects of this sector, conducted by the GIGA since 2002, is being deepened (plurality of actors and the role of foundations; norm-building processes in global health; the role of regional powers in GHG). An additional focus of the research team is global norm-building processes, which are an important basis for the development of global governance.
At the centre of the research team’s work are questions related to the constitution of governance (including the normative foundation) in interactive processes and to the role of different actors. On the basis of actor-centred-institutionalism, network-theory, complexity-theory and international-interplay approaches, the following questions in particular are investigated:
- What particular forms and functions characterise the processes and structures of global governance?
- What interests and power resources (financial, political, legal, discursive) do the various state and non-state actors introduce and how do these influence the configuration of global governance?
- What role do non-state actors (civil society organisations, foundations, transnational corporations) play in sectoral global governance processes?
- How are global norms formed through networks’ governance processes? How are these legitimised, and how is compliance established?
- How are countries of the South integrated into global governance structures? How do national, regional and global policy processes interact?
Current Research Projects
Roles and Actions of South American Secondary Regional Powers: Argentina, Chile and Venezuela (Leslie Wehner)
- The Role of Private Foundations in Global Governance: The Examples of Health and Education (Sonja Bartsch, Wolfgang Hein, Kimberly Ochs)
- “International Health Emergencies” between Policy and Medical Research (Wolfgang Hein)
- Norm-building Networks in Global Health Policy: From “Health for All” to “Universal Access to Essential Medicines” (Wolfgang Hein, Sonja Bartsch)
- Funding Solutions for Innovation and Lasting Development in the Energy Field (FINE) (Wolfgang Hein, Robert Kappel, Lars Holstenkamp)
- Free Trade Agreements from a Comparative Perspective – East Asia and Latin America (Dirk Nabers, Howard Loewen)
- China in Southeast Asia (Margot Schüller, Marco Bünte, Magnus Brod, Julia Krause, Yun Schüler-Zhou)
Hein, Wolfgang (Team Spokesperson)